Monday, November 26, 2012

Umar Ibn Al Khattab radiallahu taala anhu Love towards the Ahle Bayt

Hazrat Umar E Farooq is regarded Highly in the Ummah after Syaddina Abu Bakr Siddique
radiallahu taala anhu

The Holy Prophet said If there were a prophet after me it would be Hazrat Umar E Farooq radiallahu .

Following is how Hazrat Umar E Farooq regarded the Ahle bayt

Sayaddina Umar E Farooq radiallahu taala anhu narrates how the Holy Prophet used to regard his beloved daughter

Umar bin Khattab (radiallahu taala anhu ) (also) narrates that the Holy Prophet Sallalaahu Alaihi wasallam used to say to Fatimah (radiallahu taala anhu), “(Oh Fatimah!) My mother and father be sacrificed for you.”

Shawkani said in Darr-us-sahabah fi manaqib al - qarabah was-sahabah (p. 279)
Hakim narrated it in al -Mustadrak

Umar (raadiallahu taala anhu) narrates, "I heard the Holy Prophet Sallalaahu Alaihi wasallam  say, 'The family tree of the children of every woman is attributed to their father except for Fatimah’s(radiallahu taala anhu) children.  I am their family and I am their father. '”

1. Tabarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (3:44#2631)
2. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadai l-us-sahabah (2:626#1070)
3. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (4:224)
4. Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (6:301
Sayadina Umar E Farooq radiallahu taala anhu narrates the relationship of the five to the Holy Prophet Muhammed Sallalaahu Alaihi wasallam

Umar bin Khattab (radiallahu taala anhu) states, "I heard the Messenger of
the Allah  say, 'Except for my family and my relationship, every family and relationship will be broken on the Day of Judgement.'”

1. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:153#4684)
2. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail -us-sahabah (2:625, 626#1069, 1070)
3. Ahmad bin Hambal narrat ed it i n Fadail -us-sahabah
(2:758#1333) through Miswar bin Makhramah as well.
4. Bazzar, al-Musnad (1:397#274)
5. Tabarani, al -Mujam-ul-kabir (3:44,45#2633, 2634)
6. Tabarani, al -Mujam-ul-awsat (5:376#5606)
7. Tabarani, al -Mujam-ul-awsat (6:357#6609)
8. Daylami, al -Fi rdaus bi mathur al -khitab (3:255#4755)
9. Maqdasi, al -Ahadith-ul -mukhtarah (1:198#102)
10. Haythami said i n Majma-uz-zawaid (9:173) Tabarani
narrated it in al-Awsat and al -Kabir and its chain of
transmitters is thiqah (trustworthy).

Once Sayiddina Umar E Farooq radiallahu taala anhu was said about the purified five on the Day of Judgement . and the following is what he said

Umar bin Khattab (radiallahu taala anhu) narrates that the Holy Prophet(Sallalaahu Alaihi wasallam)  said, “Indeed, Fatima, Ali, Hasan and Husain(may allah be pleased with them all) will live in a white dome in Paradise. The Throne of Rahman will be its roof .”

1. Ibn Asakir, Tari kh Dimi shq al -kabi r (14:61)
2. Hindi, Kanz-ul -ummal (12:98#34167)

Sayadina Umar E Farooq radiallahu taala anhu Congratulated Ali Al Murtuza (radiallahu taala anhu on the Great event of Ghadeer Ul Khulm) when the Holy Prophet Sallalaahu Alaihi wasallam declared the  beginning of Wilayat

“It is narrated by Barā’ bin ‘Āzib(radiallahu taala anhu)  : We were on a journey with Allāh’s Messenger  . (On the way) we stayed at Ghadīr Khum. There it was announced that the prayer was about to be offered. The space under two trees was cleaned for Allāh’s Messenger . Then he offered the zuhr (noon) prayer , and, holding ‘Alī’s(radiallahu taala anhu) hand, he said: Don’t you know that I am even nearer than the lives of the believers? They said: Why not! He said: Don’t you know that I am even nearer than the life of every believer? They said: Why not! The narrator says  that he said while holding ‘Alī’ s hand: One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master. O Allāh! Befriend the one who befriends him (‘Alī) and be the enemy of one who is his enemy. The narrator says that after this ‘Umar ( bin al-Khattāb(radiallahu taala anhu)  met ‘Alī(radiallahu taala anhu)  and said to him: O I bn Abī Tālib! Congratulations, you have become the master of every male and female believer, morning and evening (forever).”

Ahmad bin Hambal related it from Barā’ bin ‘Āzib through two different chains of transmission in al-Musnad (4:281);
Ibn Abī Shaybah, al-Musannaf (12:78 # 12167);

Muhib Tabarī, Dhakhā’irul-‘uqbā fī manāqib dhawī al-qurbā (p.125),
ar-Riyād-un-nadrah fī manāqib-il-‘ashrah (3:126, 127);
Hindī, Kanz-ul-‘ummāl (13:133, 134 # 36420);
Ibn ‘Asākir, Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (5:167, 168);
 Ibn Athīr, Asad-ul-ghābah (4:103);
and Ibn Kathīr in al-Bidāyah wan-nihāyah (4:169; 5:464).

Note the phrase in the following hadith where Hazrat Umar E Farooq(radiallahu taala anhu) Congratulated Ali Al Murtuza (radiallahu taala anhu)

‘Umar ( bin al-Khattāb(radiallahu taala anhu)  met ‘Alī(radiallahu taala anhu)  and said to him: O I bn Abī Tālib! Congratulations, you have become the master of every male and female believer, morning and evening (forever).”
Ahmad bin Hambal in his book Fadā’il-us-sahābah (2:610 # 1042)
has added the following words in the tradition related to ‘Umar bin al-Khattāb .

 The Prophet  said:

(O Allāh!) Be the enemy of one who is his (‘Alī’s) enemy,  and help him who helps him, and love him who loves him. Shu‘bah says that the Prophet  said in its place, “Bear malice towards him who bears malice towards (‘Alī).”

Manāwī has written in  that when Abū Bakr  and ‘Umar had heard the Prophet’s saying — One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master — they said to
‘Alī  : O son of Abū Tālib! You have become the master of every male and female believer, morning and evening (for ever).”

Manāwī has written in Fayd-ul-qadīr (6:217)

 Dhahabī has said in Siyar a‘lām-in-nubalā’ that ‘Umar  uttered the words:
O ‘Alī! Congratulations

Dhahabī has said in Siyar a‘lām-in-nubalā’ (2:623, 624)


 “Abū Hurayrah  has narrated that one who fasted on 18 Dhul-hijjah will receive a reward equal to 60 months of fasting. This was the day of Ghadīr Khum when the Prophet  , holding ‘Alī bin Abī T ālib’s hand, said: Am I not the guardian of the believers? They said: why not, O messenger of Allāh! He said: One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master. At this ‘Umar bin al-Khattāb  said: congratulations! O I bn Abī Tālib! You are my master and (the master of ) every Muslim. (On this occasion) Allāh revealed this verse: Today, I have perfected your religion for you.”

1. Qur'ān (al-Mā’idah, the Table spread) 5:3.
2. Khatīb Baghdādī related it in Tārīkh Baghdad (8:290);
3  Wāhidī,Asbāb-un-nuzūl (p.108); Rāzī, at-Tafsīr-ul-kabīr (11:139);
4. Ibn ‘Asākir, Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:176,177); Ibn Kathīr, al

Umar E Farooq radiallahu taala anhu Respected Hazrat Fathima radiallahu taala anhu highly

Umar bin Khattab  says that he went to the house of Fatimah the daughter of the Messenger of Allah and said, “Oh Fatimah! I swear by Allah that I have not seen anyone who is dearer to the Messenger of Allah  than you. I swear by Allah that nobody is dearer to me than you after your father"

1. Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:168#4736)
2. Ibn Abi Shaybah, al -Musannaf (7:432#37045)
3. Shaybani, al -Aahad wal -mathani (5:360#2952)
4. Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadai l-us-sahabah (1:364#532)
5. Khat ib Baghdadi, Tari kh Baghdad (4:401)

Hazrat Umar E Farooq radiallahu taala anhu regarded Hazrat Ali radiallahu taala anhu as his maula after the Ghadeer declaration

“It is narrated by ‘Umar  that once a person had an argument with him. He said: the man sitting here will decide between you and me, and he pointed towards ‘Alī  . That man said: this pot-bellied person (will decide between us)! ‘Umar  rose from his seat, caught him by the collar and lifted him from the ground. Then he said: Do you know that the person you consider worthless is my master as well as the master of every Muslim.”

1. Muhib Tabarī has said in ar-Riyād-un-nadrah fī manaqib-il-
‘ashrah (3:128) that Ibn Sammān has documented this narration

“It is narrated by ‘Umar  that two Bedouins came to him disputing with each other. He said to ‘Alī : O Abū Hasan: decide between these two. So he decided between them (and settled their dispute). One of them said: Is he the only one left to decide between us? (At this) ‘Umar  moved towards him and caught him by his collar and said: May you be dead! Do you know who he is? He is my master and the master of every believer ( and) one who does not acknowledge him as his master is not a believer.”

1. Muhib Tabarī has narrated this tradition in Dhakhā’ir-ul-‘uqbā fī manāqib dhaw-il-qurbā (p.126), and says that Ibn Sammān has mentioned it in his book al-Muwafaqah. He also narrated it in ar-Riyād-un-nadrah fī manāqib-il-‘ashrah (3:128).


Umar  said: one who has Allāh’s Messenger  as his master has ‘Alī as his master .
“ Sālim narrates: ‘Umar was asked why he always treated ‘Alī  differently from other Companions. (At this) ‘Umar  replied: Indeed that ( ‘Alī) is my master .”

1. Related by Muhib Tabarī in ar-Riyād-un-nadrah fī manāqib-il-‘ashrah (3:128).
Ibn ‘Asākir narrated it in Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:178).

Few people particularly the Shia have fabricated stories about Hazrat Umar radiallahu taala anhu Slapping bibi fathimatuz zuhra  radiallahu taala anhu, and other stories about him burning thier houses etc , All these are fake as you can see from these References how
he regarded the Ahle Bayt ,  the people from the Wilayat began, The Ahle Bayt .

People should understand that there are two legacies of the Holy Prophet Muhammed Sallalaahu Alaihi wasallam , one is the Spiritual Legacy and saintism  which continued from the Progeny  of the Holy Prophet Muhammed Sallalaahu Alaihi wasallam and then to Awliya .

And the other legacy is outwardly , The Legacy of Dominion which  continued through the Rightly Guided Khalifas beginning from Syedina Abu Bakr Siddique radiallahu taala anhu

Both the legatees gave support to each other whole heatedly


  1. What u have quoted is absolutely correct except the last part where u say that shias have created fake stories about Hazrat Umar ill-treating Janabe Zehra.
    Brother all these things are found in reputed sunni books(including sihah-sitta), then how can u accused shias for creating stories.
    The other thing which is to be noted is, if Hazrat Umar was having such a high respect for Fatima(as) then why he denied her property- Fadak which was gifted by Prophet(pbuh) during his lifetime?
    After all She was also Siddiqa(truthful).
    Why janabe Zehra(as) were unaware of the tradition of inheritance quoted by Abu Bakr?
    Why her witnesses were not accepted by Umar and Abu Bakr?
    Why Sunni brothers have not taken traditions from Janabe Zehra and Hazrat Ali(as) in their reputed books while traditions from Hazrat Aisha are in abundant?
    If knowing they(Hazrat Abu Bakr and Hazrat Umar) had denied her right then is it not hypocrisy?
    To know more about Hazrat Umar and his contribution in Islam(all from sunni books) please refer :

    1. can you quote any authentic ref from authentic Hadith where hazrat Umar RA ill treated Her, i am sure you can not find any singe authentic narration..

      AFA fadak is concerned ..among Ahlul Sunnah its known fact that Prophets do not leave an inheritance and doesn’t need clarification, and as for the Shias, then here it is:

      Al-Kulayni narrated in Al-Kafi from Abi Abdullah, he said: The Prophet (pbuh) said, “The scholars are the inheritors of the prophets, and the prophets did not leave a dinar or a dirham, but they left knowledge…

      hope this helps

    2. "O’ daughter of the Prophet! I didn’t love anyone as much as I loved your father, nor anyone after him is more loving to me as you are. But I swear by Allah that if these people assemble here with you, then this love of mine would not prevent me from setting your house on fire."

      Sunni references:

      - History of Tabari, in the events of the year 11 AH
      - al-Imamah wa al-Siyasah by Ibn Qutaybah, v1, beginning of the book, and pp 19-20

      - Izalatul Khilafa, by Shah Waliullah Muhaddith Dehlavi, v2, p362

      - Iqd al-Farid, by Ibn Abd Rabbah al-Malik, v2, chapter of Saqifah

  2. Umar said to Fatimah (who was behind the door of her house): "I know that the Prophet of God did not love any one more than you, but this will not stop me to carry out my decision. If these people stay in your house, I will burn the door in front of you."

    Sunni reference: Kanz al-Ummal, v3, p140

    In fact Shibli Numani himself testifies the above event in the following words:

    "From Umar’s irritable and peevish temperament such an action on his part was not improbable."

    Sunni reference: al-Faruq, by Shibli Numani, p44

  3. The revered Sunni scholar, Abu Muhammad Abdullah Ibn Muslim Ibn Qutaybah Daynuri in his history of Caliphs known as "al-Imamah wa al- Siyasah”reported:

    Umar asked for wood, and told those people inside the house: "I swear by Allah who has my soul in his hand, that if you do not come out, I will burn the house.”Someone told Umar that Fatimah was inside the house. Umar said: "So what! It doesn’t matter to me who is in the house.”

    Sunni reference: al-Imamah wa al-Siyasah by Ibn Qutaybah, v1, pp 3,19-20

    Another Sunni historian, al-Baladhuri, reported that:

    Abu Bakr asked ‘Ali to support him, but ‘Ali refused, then Umar went toward the ‘Ali’s house with a burning torch. At the door he met Fatimah who said to him: "Do you intend to burn the door of my house?”Umar said: "Yes, because this act will strengthen the faith brought to us by your father."

    Sunni reference: al-Ansab Ashraf, by al-Baladhuri, v1, pp 582,586

  4. Ali and Abbas were sitting inside the house of Fatimah, Abu Bakr told Umar: "Go and bring them; if they refuse, kill them.”Umar brought fire to burn the house. Fatimah came near the door and said: "O son of Khattab, have you come to burn our house on me and my children?”Umar replied: "Yes I will, by Allah, until they come out and pay allegiance to the Prophet’s Caliph."

    Sunni reference:

    - Iqd al-Fareed, by Ibn Abd Rabb, Part 3, Pg. 63
    - al-Ghurar, by Ibn Khazaben, related from Zayd Ibn Aslam

  5. The Sunni scholars, Ahmad Ibn Abdul Aziz al-Jawhari in his book ‘Saqifah’, Abu Waleed Muhibbuddin Muhammad al-Shahnah al-Hanafi in his book ‘Rawdhat al-Manadhir Fi Akhbaar al-Awayil wal-Aawaakhir’, Ibn Abil Hadid in his book ‘Sharh al-Nahj’, and others have reported the events to the same effect.

    Also refer to the esteemed Sunni historian Abul Hasan, ‘Ali Ibn al-Husayn al-Mas’udi who in his book ‘Isbaat al-Wasiyyah’ describes the events in detail and reports that: "They surrounded ‘Ali (as) and burned the door of his house and pulled him out against his will and pressed the leader of all women (Hadhrat Fatimah (sa)) between the door and the wall killing Mohsin (the male-child she was carrying in her womb for six months).”

    Salahuddin Khalil al-Safadi another Sunni scholar in his book ‘Waafi al- Wafiyyaat’ under the letter ‘A’ while recording the view of Ibrahim Ibn Sayyar Ibn Hani al-Basri, well-known as Nidhaam quotes him to have said: "On the day of ‘Bay’aat’ (paying allegiance), Umar hit Fatimah (sa) on the stomach such that child in her womb died."

  6. Why do you think an 18 year old young lady was forced to walk with the help of a walking-stick? Unbelieveable acts of cruelty and oppression had led Hadhrat Fatimah al-Zahra (sa) to lament: "Such calamities have visited me that had they descended on the day it would have darkened it.”She fell into bed till she was martyred as a results of these calamities and injuries while she was just eighteen years old!

    During her last days, when Abu Bakr and Umar sought the mediation of Imam ‘Ali (as) to visit the ailing Hadhrat Fatimah (sa), as quoted by Ibn Qutaybah, she tured her face to the wall when they greeted her and in response to their plea for appeasement reminded them of the prophetic declaration that one who displeases Fatimah (sa) has displeased the Prophet and finally said: "I take Allah and the angels to be my witness that you have not pleased me; on the other hand, you have angered me. When I shall meet the Prophet (S) I will complain about you two.”(al-Imamah wa al-Siyasah, by Ibn Qutaybah, v1, p14).

    For the same reason, she willed that those who have hurt her should not participate in her funeral rites and that she be buried at night. al- Bukhari in his Sahih attests to this fact that Imam ‘Ali (as) complied with the will of Lady Fatimah (sa). al-Bukhari narrated on the authority of Aisha that:

    ... Fatimah became angry with Abu Bakr and kept away from him, and did not talk to him till she died. She remained alive for six months after the death of the Prophet. When she died, her husband ‘‘Ali, buried her at night without informing Abu Bakr and he said the funeral prayer by himself.

    Sunni references:

    - Sahih al-Bukhari, Chapter of "The battle of Khaibar", Arabic-English, v5, tradition #546, pp 381-383, also v4, Tradition #325

    Howsoever they tried, people failed to locate her grave. It was known only to a handful of Imam ‘Ali (as)’s family members. And to this date, the grave of the daughter of prophet is unknown which is another sign of her unhappiness from some of the companions.

  7. Imam ‘Ali (as) was sent to Fadak, a Jewish town not far from Khaibar to take it. But, before the use of any force, the inhabitants tendered their submission, ceding half of their property to the prophet. When the Angel Gabriel revealed to the Prophet the Divine Command as in the Verse 26 of Chapter XVII (17)

    "And give unto one who is of Kin (to thee) that which is due”(17:26)

    and the Prophet asked as to who was meant as "being of Kin". the Angel named Janabe Fatimah (sa) and told the Prophet to give Fadak to her (as) as the Income from Fadak belonged wholly to him on account of its being ceded to him without the use of force. the Prophet (S) accordingly bestowed upon Janabe Fatimah (sa) his estate of Fadak for the substinence of herself and her children.

    With reference to the above Qur’anic Verse, many Sunni commentators have written that:

    when the Verse was revealed, the Holy Prophet (S) asked the Angel Gabriel: "Who are the Kinsmen and what is their due?”The Angel Gibrael replied "Give Fadak to Fatimah for it is her due, and whatever is due to Allah and the Prophet (S) out of Fadak, that also belongs to her, so entrust to her also."

    (The above is narrated through al Bazzar, Abu Yala, Ibn Abi Hatim, Ibn Marduwayh and others from Abu Said al Khudri and through Ibn Marduwayh from Abdullah ibn al Abbas for the above verse)

    Sunni references:

    - Tafsir Durr al-Mansur, v4, p177
    - Kanz al-Ummal, v2, p158
    - Sawaiq al Muhriqah Chapter 15 p 21-22
    - Rozatul Safaa vol 2 p 135
    - Sharah e Muwaqif p 735
    - Tareekh Ahmadi p45
    - Ruh al ma’ani, vol 15 p 62

    It leaves no room for us to believe that the Land of Fadak was not the personal belonging of Hadhrat Fatimah (sa)!

  8. "And Solomon (Sulaymaan) inherited from David.”(Qur’an 27:16)

    While both Sulaymaan and David were prophets and very wealthy. they were kings at their era. Allah , Exalted, also says:

    "(Zakariya prayed to Allah by saying) ... Grant me a son from yourself, who inherits from me and inherit from the children of Jacob, and make him, O’ my Lord, the one with whom you are well- pleased.”(Qur’an: 19:5-6).

    These are examples that Prophets left inheritances, and as might you have seen that they seem to contradict the hadith that was narrated by Abu Bakr.

  9. I will summarize the answer in a few points:
    1) There is very clear proof from the Quran that the Prophets (as) do give inheritence and therefore anything that contradicts that in our narrations must be refused or (if the narration is strong and reliable) explained in a manner that agrees with the Quran.
    2) There are narrations from Ayesha for example that she told her father Abu Bakr that she wants her inheritence from the Prophet (saww) and that she never heard of such a narration that the Prophets (as) don't give inheritence.
    3) If there was anyone who actually knew if the Prophet (saww) does inherit or not if would be Sayyeda Fatima (as) because: I) She does not lie, 2) She is the on top of all the ladies of creation and Fatima (sa) said that she did not hear anything from the Prophet (saww) of such.
    4) As for the narration, what could be meant is that the prophets (as) did not leave any Dirham or Dinar (wealth) as their legacy in the sense that Kings do, where as they leave wealth for their sons or those who come after them (i.e. they did not leave any wealth for the scholars to inherit from them). As for the family issue's, the narration does not indicate in any way that the Prophets (as) don't inherit to their children or wive's, rather what is mentioned is the inheritence to the scholars and that is another issue.

    I hope this made some clarification over the issue and I apologize for not providing the sources of narrations mentioned or the exact text, if anyone needs them then please request them and I will - insha'Allah - gladly provide them to you.